Imagine you are locked in a closed room with very little or almost no passage for air with your hands tied up. You are struggling to breathe in, but your efforts are going into vain.
Posted October 10,2019 in Live Style.
Imagine you are locked in a closed room with very little or almost no passage for air with your hands tied up. You are struggling to breathe in, but your efforts are going into vain. This is what an asthma patient goes through when he is in the middle of an attack. Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder wherein the airways leading to lungs get inflamed and shrinks in size causing breathlessness. Asthma has other symptoms too. In this article, we will know more about this breathing disorder and the treatment options available in the market.
As per the latest survey, approximately 10 million adults and 7 million students miss their school and work due to asthma. According to the World Health Organization, most of the cases of asthma are due to genetic reasons. The breathing disorder passes through generations, but environmental factors also contribute. Unfortunately, asthma is not curable, but it can be treated with medicines. The treatment options vary as per the types of asthma one is suffering from. Asthma is well-known breathing disorder and divided into two types - allergic and non-allergic. The former is caused due to allergens and the later develops due to factors such as stress, exercise, cold or flu or exposure to extreme weather conditions, certain medicines and irritants present in the air.
What are the symptoms of asthma?
The symptoms you are going to experience depend on the severity of the disorder. Furthermore, they also vary from one person to another. One might get frequent attacks while some only get their symptoms to worsen at certain times.
When you are suffering from asthma, you tend to experience the following symptoms:
⦁ Chest tightness or pain
⦁ Shortness of breath
⦁ Wheezing sound
⦁ Difficulty breathing
As mentioned above, asthma symptoms might become severe at certain situations like:
Exercise-induced asthma in which the cold and dry air increases the severity of the symptoms.
Occupational asthma wherein the irritants such as gases, dust or chemical fumes present at the workplace affects the sufferer.
Allergy-induced asthma where the symptoms worsen when the sufferer comes in contact with airborne substances such as mold spores, pollen grains, pet dander etc.
If you see any of these symptoms mentioned earlier, you must not waste time to see your doctor.
What causes asthma and what are the risk factors?
It is not clear why asthma affects a majority of the global population. It is said that asthma develops due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Moreover, constant exposure to triggers such as irritants and allergens causes asthma. Some of them are listed down:
⦁ Respiratory infections
⦁ Vigorous physical activity
⦁ Air pollutants
⦁ Certain medicines
⦁ Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
⦁ Sulfites and preservatives added to certain food items
There are numbers of risk factors that can increase your chances of getting asthma. They include:
⦁ Having a family member with asthma
⦁ Allergic conditions
⦁ Exposure to passive smoking
⦁ Exposure to gases and chemical fumes
⦁ Being overweight or obese
What are the treatment options available?
Asthma cannot be cured and therefore it is essential to know that you need to understand the importance of prevention and long-term control. You need to recognize the triggers and stay away from them in order to save yourself from an asthma attack. Your doctor will also keep you on some quick-relief inhalers in case of an emergency asthma attack. The treatment depends on the type of asthma you have and the severity of the symptoms. Your doctor might prescribe you oral medicines. If the asthma is due to allergens, then you might be asked to consume anti-allergic medicines.
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